TRiO began with Upward Bound, which emerged out of the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 in response to the War on Poverty. In 1965, Talent Search, the second outreach program, was created as part of the Higher Education Act. In 1968 Student Support Services was authorized by the Higher Education Amendments and became the third in a series of educational opportunity programs. By the late 1960's, the term "TRiO" was coined to describe these federal programs.
Over the years, the TRiO Programs have been expanded and improved to provide a wider range of services and to reach more students who need assistance. The name now encompasses 8 U.S. federal outreach and student services programs that increase access to higher education for economically disadvantaged individuals, first generation college students and students with disabilities. These 8 programs are:
- Upward Bound
- Upward Bound Math–Science
- Veterans Upward Bound
- Educational Opportunity Centers
- Ronald E. McNair Post–baccalaureate Achievement
- Student Support Services
- Talent Search
- Training Program for Federal TRIO Programs Staff
For more information, visit the U.S. Department of Education TRiO Programs website.
TRiO Student Support Services is federally funded by the U.S. Department of Education in the amount of $466,632 per year for a period of five years. Seattle Central College is funded to serve 350 students per academic year. Enrollment is determined by availability and students meeting the program criteria.